Formatting your content (v. 1)

Preparing your content

It is recommended to prepare your text in an editor on your local computer and to paste it all at once in the text areas of the online submission form. Do not use any formatting at this stage, as it will be lost during the copy/paste.

Once your text is ready, please copy and paste it as text-only (i.e. free of any formatting) in Climanosco’s online editor. If you are not sure how to do this, please proceed as follows.

  1. Connect to Climanosco’s online submission form.
  2. Make sure the online editor is in the “Text” mode by selecting the corresponding tab on the top right.
  3. Delete anything that could stay in the text area.
  4. Paste your text in the text area.
  5. Switch the editor back to the “Visual” mode by clicking on the corresponding tab.
  6. You can now make the formatting of your text.

Formatting your content

Your content will be formatted in HTML. But fortunately you do not have to know anything about HTML to format your content! The buttons in the ribbon of the online editor offer all you need for formatting your text according to the following guidelines.

If you are not sure about the formatting of your content, don’t worry, the formatting will be checked and corrected by Climanosco’s team after submission. Don’t hesitate to contact the team at:


To format your headings, select the corresponding text and select Heading 2, Heading 3 or Heading 4 in the ribbon. Note that Heading 1 is reserved and should not be used. We do not recommended to use Heading 5 and up. Do not number your headings.

Featured image and video

Where applicable, a featured image or video can be uploaded through the online submission form. The image will display in full size at the top of the corresponding post’s web page. The total size of picture files should be kept under 10 MB for each submission.

In-text images and videos

Use the capitalized word “Figure” followed by a number to identify an image or a video of your content in the running text. For instance: “The results are depicted in Figure 5. Figure 9 shows a video of …”

Where applicable, in-text images and videos can be uploaded through the online submission form. In-text images and videos may be inserted at their designated locations in the text using [fig n="1"], [fig n="2"], etc… (full size) or using [fig n="1" portrait] for a personal portrait photo (smaller size).

Alternatively, images or videos may be introduced directly using the online editor using an external Internet address. These should be something like “”. If you have the Internet addresses at hand, follow these steps once you are connected with the online editor:

  1. Switch the online editor to the “Text” mode using the tag on the top right.
  2. Place your cursor at the appropriate location of your text and paste the following (you can directly copy-paste the code below):
    <img src="http://Place_here_the_full_URL_of_the_image" width="600px" >
    Figure 1: Write a short description here
  3. If necessary, adjust the width parameter to scale the image.

If you have any problem, simply submit your content without figures and send the images or videos to the contact email address above with the reference of your submission and the desired location in the text. Climanosco’s team will upload them on for you and will add them in your submitted content.

The total size of picture files should be kept under 10 MB for each submission.

Make sure you secure copyrights according to our Copyrights notice.


Footnotes should be avoided as they tend to break the flow of the reading. To introduce footnotes in your content, copy and paste the following in the online editor set in the “Text” mode:

  1. The in-line syntax is as follows:
    …previous sentence ends.[ref footnote]Text to be inserted as footnote.[/ref] New sentence begins…
  2. At the end of your manuscript, include the following lines:
      [ref footnote display /]
      [ref display /]  
      [ref clearall /]  

A footnote will be replaced in the text by a footnote reference [1] and will appear as a numbered list in a Footnotes section located after the end of the text and before the Bibliography, if any. Footnotes are available throughout the web site (including manuscript invitations, manuscripts, review reports, ideas, author’s replies, and editor’s correspondences). Note that footnotes will display correctly only once the content is posted on the web site.

Citations, references and bibliography

See How to handle references and citations or convert your references using our BibTex references converter.

Textual conventions

Finally, make sure your text is consistent with the following textual conventions:

  • Units: We are using the metric system and, wherever possible, SI units. Units should be displayed as simply as possible and without exponentials.
  • Date and time: 25 July 2007 (dd month yyyy), 15:17:02 (hh:mm:ss). Make sure you specify whether the time if referring to local or universal time.
  • Abbreviations and acronyms: Abbreviations are not recommended in general. Acronyms should be avoided, unless they ease the reading. In such cases, they should be defined at first occurrence, e.g.: National Research Foundation (NRF). Acronyms are to be avoided in outlines and titles.
  • Capitalization: Capitalization is reserved for proper nouns and acronyms. Headings are not capitalized, except for the first word.
  • Non-English words and phrases in English contents: Non-English words that have not come into general use are to be avoided, or when necessary, italicized. Words, phrases and abbreviations that are usual, such as for example, et al., cf., e.g., a priori, in situ, should not be italicized.