Welcome to Climanosco’s library, an ever-growing collection on all things climate science.
Putting the brakes on climate change – it’s about more than just CO2.
Kathleen A. Mar
Climate change mitigation is about more than just CO2. Mitigating a suite of additional pollutants is important for limiting climate change: in particular, taking action on what are known as “short-lived climate-forcing pollutants” (SLCPs). Although it is common to report the effect of non-CO2 climate warmers in terms of “CO2 equivalence” they aren’t simply “equivalent” – their effects on climate …
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Will climate change worsen your health?
Nearly 8% of deaths in Europe are due to ambient temperatures, and global warming represents an additional threat for public health. Despite the fact that we expect more frequent, intense and persistent heat waves during the present century, it is actually not clear whether the number of attributable deaths will also increase. Here I discuss why the role of early …
The impact of climate change will hit urban dwellers first – Can green infrastructure save us?
Two phenomena that can cause large numbers of premature human deaths have gained attention in the last years: heat waves and air pollution. These two effects have two things in common: They are closely related to climate change and they are particularly intense in urban areas. Urban areas are particular susceptible to these impacts because they can store lots of …
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Increasing heat creates hardship for brick kiln workers in Chennai, India and the alternative pathways reducing it
Karin Lundgren Kownacki, Siri M. Kjellberg, Pernille Goosh, Marwa Dabaieh and Vidhya Venugopal
Climate change brings new burdens to people working outdoors. Migrant populations working at brick kilns in India are one such group facing dangerously overheated working conditions. Many migrate to the kilns from rural areas under bonded labor conditions. We argue that solutions need to go beyond industry-oriented technology-based solutions and focus on the social problem and take a people focused …
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Choose you own scientific experiment: Triggering debris flows and flash floods
Landslides and flash floods result in many fatalities around the globe. Understanding what triggers these events is therefore vital, although how to approach this problem is not straight forward. After background information for the experiment and some guidelines, two options are presented to learn more about the triggers of debris flows: (A) using rainfall or (B) the atmospheric conditions. You …
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Can somebody clear the air? How air quality and climate change are connected.
Erika von Schneidemesser
Air pollution and climate change are different phenomena, but are connected in a number of ways. The same sources emit both air pollutants and greenhouse gases, many air pollutants affect the Earth’s energy balance and thereby affect climate change, and a changing climate will affect air quality. Policy options to address either air quality or climate change cannot be formulated …
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El Niño dynamics and long lead climate forecasts
Joan Ballester, S. Bordoni, D. Petrova and X. Rodó
El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a climatic phenomenon in the tropical Pacific arising from interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere on timescales ranging from months to years. ENSO generates the most prominent climate alterations known worldwide, even very far from where it forms. It affects weather extremes, landslides, wildfires or entire ecosystems, and it has major impacts on human …
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Limitations in our knowledge of the Sun’s variability and impact on stratospheric ozone
William Thomas Ball
Changes in the Sun over the 11-year solar cycle modify the amount of ozone in the atmosphere over the tropics above 20 km. It is thought that the temperature change resulting from the induced variations of ozone may lead to an impact on the surface climate. Knowing by how much the solar ultraviolet light changes over the cycle is key …
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