Welcome to Climanosco’s library, an ever-growing collection on all things climate science.
All research articles are written and vetted by scientists and clarified for the general public with the help of volunteer reviewers and can be cited or re-used following our Copyrights rules. Click to learn more about our publications and peer review process. And if you’re considering sharing your research or becoming a volunteer, we’d love for you to get involved.
El Niño dynamics and long lead climate forecasts
Joan Ballester, S. Bordoni, D. Petrova and X. Rodó
El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a climatic phenomenon in the tropical Pacific arising from interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere on timescales ranging from months to years. ENSO generates the most prominent climate alterations known worldwide, even very far from where it forms. It affects weather extremes, landslides, wildfires or entire ecosystems, and it has major impacts on human …
Limitations in our knowledge of the Sun’s variability and impact on stratospheric ozone
William Thomas Ball
Changes in the Sun over the 11-year solar cycle modify the amount of ozone in the atmosphere over the tropics above 20 km. It is thought that the temperature change resulting from the induced variations of ozone may lead to an impact on the surface climate. Knowing by how much the solar ultraviolet light changes over the cycle is key …